Sunday, November 04, 2012

Metaphysics

Seoul-trekearth



Seoul-trekearth
Kuala Lumpar-trekearth

Marina Bay Sands Hotel, Singapore at 55 Storeys-Google Images

Of course if one fell over the edge for safety reasons he/she by design would fall into a catchment area of some sort where other water is stored. Even so, not a place where I would want do a martial arts workout.

Metaphysics

Louis P. Pojman  defines metaphysics as beyond physics. The study of ultimate reality, which is not accessible/available through empirical senses. He lists free will, causality, the nature of matter, immortality and the existence of God as being within the study of metaphysics. Pojman (1995: 598).

These are of course familiar topics on this philosophical theology and philosophy of religion blog, although I do not use the term 'metaphysics' very often.

Simon Blackburn explains the term was used for three books from Aristotle after 'Physics' and is a term that raises enquiry about questions that cannot be answered by science and its empirical methods. Blackburn (1996: 240). 

Blackburn mentions the hostility to metaphysics throughout modern times especially as David Hume mentioned having it 'committed to the flames' in 'Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding' book  xii Pt 3. Blackburn (1996:  240).

It is assumed by some naturalists that the scientific method would be the only way to answer any real questions that would arise within metaphysics. Blackburn (1996: 240).

Panayot Butcharov defines it generally as the philosophical investigation of nature, and its reality, in how it is constituted.  The study of non-physical entities, for example God, would be addressed. Butcharov (1996: 489).  Metaphysics would be rejected by positivism on the basis of being meaningless.  Since it is not empirically viable. Butcharov (1996: 489).   Positivism being a form of empiricism viewing empirical science as the means of gaining knowledge and metaphysics, theology, and even aspects of philosophy as being viewed as questionable in obtaining knowledge.

A key point rendered is with that of the philosopher of religion Pojman: The study of ultimate reality, which is not accessible/available through empirical senses. I view this as correct, and since empirical science is limited on these realities then it cannot be used as the only way to answer any real questions that would arise within metaphysics.

My views are as a Reformed, Biblical, philosophical theologian and also a philosopher of religion that can attempt to look at religion and Christianity from a secular, 'outside' of the Bible perspective.

Metaphysically there is

Documented historical revelation within the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament
Documented revelation with the New Testament
These make up the Bible

There is also philosophical reasoning, speculation, propositions and conclusions and therefore arguments within philosophical theology and philosophy of religion that can be made in regard to free will, determinism, first cause, everlasting existence, life and death, and other issues.

These two areas combine to make up some very serious, academic disciplines that obtain knowledge such as Old Testament Studies, New Testament Studies, Biblical Archeology/Archaeology, Biblical Languages and Linguistics, Biblical Studies, Biblical Theology, Philosophical Theology and Philosophy of Religion.

At the MPhil level quite likely, and at a PhD level most likely, one within a Religion or Philosophy Department will have interaction with modern science. For my PhD revisions after my verbal Viva I was required to consult several science journals in regard to consciousnesses and to implement this scientific research into my Doctoral thesis.

I would reason that the conclusions of positivism and other empiricists are incorrect and that there are legitimate, serious, complex academic metaphysical disciplines related to Theology and Philosophy, for example, and that as per my example at times Science is still used as academic discipline to obtain truth simultaneously.

BLACKBURN, SIMON (1996) Oxford Dictionary of Philosophy, Oxford, Oxford University Press.

BUTCHAROV, PANAYOT (1996) ‘Metaphysics’, in Robert Audi (ed.), The Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.

POJMAN, LOUIS P. (1996) Philosophy: The Quest for Truth, New York, Wadsworth Publishing Company.

36 comments:

Russell 'C.J.' Duffy said...

As I stated recently within one of my posts but also whilst in discussion with my Mother, a Salvationist who as a devout follower of Jesus sometimes has concerns over what she refers to as ‘man made’ laws. I am fine with anyone, what right have I not to be, who chooses to live their life in a Christ like manner. Whether Jesus lived or not is immaterial (I believe he did but his name was not Greek). The myth’s that surround him, much like those of Lao Tzu, spring from a truth, from a man who was by nature good. We all would do well to heed such wisdom. Jesus was evidently learned for he quotes from other wise men (‘Do unto others’) etc. What I do not understand is why anyone would want to follow an organised faith which has committed sins beyond belief, beyond any decent humanist code. Christians that follow Jesus are good. The Church they follow isn’t. If you need to chat with God then go direct but do not, whatever you do, follow the false dogmatic, ritualistic tosh as spoken by the Church. Neither am I condemning you or anyone who feels the need to participate in what is to all intents a purposes a like-minded club but surely talking to God person-to deity is far better than a having to perform in public? It serves no moral point at all. The compass is set to take you via a route of control one I would rather not go by. My moral compass is good. It has been set by listening to Jesus and Lao Tzu and Buddha and Confucius. A true Christian needs only to follow his master and his heart not the Church and not Theology.

Love,
Russell

Dr. Russell Norman Murray said...

Cheers, Russell, appreciated once again.:)

‘What I do not understand is why anyone would want to follow an organised faith which has committed sins beyond belief, beyond any decent humanist code. Christians that follow Jesus are good. The Church they follow isn’t.’

All humanity is corrupt (Romans 1-6), and I have pointed out on this blog and Satire and Theology the Biblical concept that not all Christians, are in a full state of repentance in faith and if one dies will be judged accordingly, please see 1 Corinthians 3: 10-15, 2 Corinthians 5: 10, James 2, 2 Peter 3 as reasonable examples. There is some debate on the meaning of these passages but overall I think they are geared toward believers and works. Believers are the Church. When believers have a building and finances etc., it can be more complicated and there have been corrupt things happen over the centuries, no question. Also not all who have claimed to be Christians in the Church necessarily were.

‘A true Christian needs only to follow his master and his heart not the Church and not Theology.’

Following Theology is a means of making sure one’s Philosophy of God is correct and on the right track as in not a God of fiction, human-made, but a God that is reasonably presented from Scripture and can be reasoned from Philosophy as well.

Thank you again, Russell. All the best to the family.

Looney said...

Of course what is scientifically tractable through the laws of physics is the same, whether you are a Naturalist or a Theist. The set of physically tractable deductions, however, is so small and requires so much discipline that few have any interest in such proceedings. Thus, scientific naturalism is distinguished only by its vast library of meta-physical doctrines.

But this completely ignores what Aristotle wrote in Metaphysics.

Dr. Russell Norman Murray said...

Cheers, Looney.:)

Mitha Komala said...

beautiful shots! it seems so nice xx

Letters To Juliet

Dr. Russell Norman Murray said...

Thank you.

Anonymous said...

I was wondering if you ever thought of changing the layout
of your website? Its very well written; I love what youve got
to say. But maybe you could a little more in the way of content so people could connect with it better.
Youve got an awful lot of text for only having one or two images.
Maybe you could space it out better?

Dr. Russell Norman Murray said...

I like it as it is not too cluttered. It is Bowman but customized.

Cheers.

Anonymous said...

Hello. I am not undeviating if I reconcile win the previous arguments. I entertain a headache. [url=http://headachetreatment.net/#188]fioricet overnight shipping[/url]

Dr. Russell Norman Murray said...

Funny.

Anonymous said...

Никто никогда не видел, чтобы шахматисты выявляли сильнейшего, шарахая друг другу по голове досками. Если цель – определить чемпиона по шахматам, то необходимо играть по правилам. А если цель – выявить физическую подготовку и право называться чемпионом по боксу, то не нужно для этого садиться за шахматную доску. [url=http://profwoomen.ru/poznakomitsja/sluchajnye-znakomstva/]Fomichev Evgeniy

Dr. Russell Norman Murray said...

Translatation from Google Translate:

'No one has ever seen a chess discover strengths, balls to each other over the head with boards. If the goal - to determine the champion of chess, you must play by the rules. And if the goal - identify the physical training and the right to be a boxing champion, there is no need for this to sit at the chessboard.'

Another reason I have no interest at all in chess...

Anonymous said...

There is no replacement on an authentic degree.

Dr. Russell Norman Murray said...

True enough. And yes one in the United States may want to attend a prestigious establishment such as Harvard, Stanford, Yale, or Princeton if the degree relates, especially for a PhD or a UK/European thesis only Doctorate at somewhere like London, Oxford, Cambridge, Durham, Wales. I am not that familiar with continental non-English Universities. However, without proper department and advisor support the institution is rather irrelevant as academic success, in particular in a PhD and Master's thesis context will be highly unlikely.

Anonymous said...

Excuse, that I can not participate now in discussion - it is very occupied. I will return - I will necessarily express the opinion on this question.

Anonymous said...

I do my best At the end of it all.

Anonymous said...

Do what ever makes training most pleasant for you. You happen to be a lot more very likely to workout continually should you get pleasure from it..

Dr. Russell Norman Murray said...

'Anonymous said...
Excuse, that I can not participate now in discussion - it is very occupied. I will return - I will necessarily express the opinion on this question.'

Confused philosopher?

Dr. Russell Norman Murray said...

'Anonymous said...
I do my best At the end of it all.'

Best I Can

Dr. Russell Norman Murray said...

'Anonymous said...
Do what ever makes training most pleasant for you. You happen to be a lot more very likely to workout continually should you get pleasure from it..'

Agreed.

Anonymous said...

Great article! This is the kind of info that are meant to be shared across the internet.

Disgrace on Google for no longer positioning this publish higher!

Come on over and seek advice from my site . Thank you

Dr. Russell Norman Murray said...

Cheers.

Anonymous said...

Co-Authors Added makes it admissible to firm up multiple bylines to posts, pages, and disposition letters types via a search-as-you-type meta box. Discrepancy 3.0, a offensive months in the making, allows you to sponsor in place of bylines without having to turning corresponding WordPress bloke accounts. Plainly engender a caller initiator avail with a view the palfrey and hand-pick the byline as you normally would.

Dr. Russell Norman Murray said...

Blogger needs to improve this new interface for the Blogger's use. As far as how to bring in more readers, followers/links and commenters, it is always a good idea to improve the visual quality of the blog. Improve graphics, improve movie quality, make it easier to post video clips and movies on blog posts. At this time it is too time consuming and I have had to bring in third-party software for editing and of course a different company, which is Microsoft for the webcam and related software.

Anonymous said...

Metaphysics is a whole world of interesting and fascinating!...Even if you cannot put it in a test tube and analyze it!
-Beaker-

Anonymous said...

This site is really cool! I found here alot of information that I was looking for. I am really happy to be a part of This site!

Dr. Russell Norman Murray said...

'Anonymous said...
Metaphysics is a whole world of interesting and fascinating!...Even if you cannot put it in a test tube and analyze it!
-Beaker-'

True enough, it has value, although I do not use that term generally, but use terms such as theology, philosophy and related. Seems to me metaphysics is a term often used by the critics. But it is good to deal with it.

Dr. Russell Norman Murray said...

'This site is really cool!'

Good to read, thank you.

Anonymous said...

Этот пост — одно из редких исключений, когда читаешь с удовольствием и что-то для себя выносишь. Спасибо Вам. Добавлю в избранное[url=http://voronezh.recikl.ru/].[/url] :)

Dr. Russell Norman Murray said...

'This post - one of the rare exceptions, when you read with pleasure and something for takeout. Thank you. Add to favorites [url = http://voronezh.recikl.ru/]. [/ Url] :)'

Translated with Google. Yes with pizza or Asian food.

Anonymous said...

The truth is, diploma are few things but water-resistant of course.

Dr. Russell Norman Murray said...

I hope that is not code for your degree is flushable...

Anonymous said...

Does youг sіtе hаѵе a
contact page? I'm having a tough time locating it but, I'd
lіke tο ѕhοоt уοu аn e-maіl.
I've got some suggestions for your blog you might be interested in hearing. Either way, great site and I look forward to seeing it improve over time.

Check out my web site; scholarsoftheoccult.com

Russell Norman Murray said...

rnmwales@shaw.ca

Your webpage does not work.

Cheers

Anonymous said...

aha, I like this topic, bookmark this page, huangjintang.

Russell Norman Murray said...

Thanks.