Sunday, April 27, 2014

Incompatibilism, Libertarian Free Will and Political Libertarianism (PhD Edit)

Provence, Travel+Leisure and Facebook
Provence, France-Travel+Leisure and Facebook












































I noticed this tonight in an edits file, then noticed there was a version in my PhD and so therefore I share...

Based on quick searches, the first appearance of Oxford Philosopher, Tim Mawson on my blogs.

Yes, I do check.

I share, and provide additional perspectives on my material. I hold to compatibilism, but academic balance is needed in PhD work and blogging for that matter.

Philosopher Tim Mawson reasons that incompatibilism, which is also known as libertarianism in regard to human free will,[1] believes that true human free will must be uncaused by preceding states.[2] Thus within incompatibilist theory, a human action would never truly be free because God would have willed and determined it on his own before he simultaneously willed it with a given person.[3] 

Mawson writes that incompatibilism, which is closely related to libertarianism in regard to human free will,[4] states that true human free will must be uncaused by preceding states[5]  This view would rule out God as a preceding force that determines the human will and actions.[6]  Libertarianism[7] is often viewed as a form of indeterminism.[8]  An action cannot be predetermined by any circumstance or desire.[9]  Indeterminism is defined as the idea that there are no antecedent (preceding conditions) or simultaneous causes of human actions.[10]  All human actions are only free if a person could have done otherwise.[11]  

I reason that many church attendees in our modern society make a connection, perhaps unconsciously, between libertarian political,[12] religious, social type freedom, and libertarianism[13] in regard to God.  However, political forces that grant some freedoms are finite (limited) entities and should not be equated with the freedom allowed by the infinite, omnipotent, omniscient God. At the same time, God’s power to determine events is much greater than any political entity.

With a compatibilistic model, if the infinite, omnipotent God restrains himself and allows his permissible rather than perfect will to take place, his will is still being done, and he is still determining events, by allowing evil and sin to occur and not intervening.



[1] Mawson (1999: 324).
[2] Mawson (1999: 324).
[3] Mawson (1999: 324).
[4] Mawson (1999: 324).
[5] Mawson (1999: 324).
[6] Mawson (1999: 324).
[7] Libertarianism supposes that human free choice is not causally determined, but is not random either.  Blackburn (1996: 218).
[8] Geisler (1996: 429).
[9] Mawson (1999: 324). 
[10] Geisler (1996: 429).
[11] Geisler (1996: 429).
[12] Political libertarianism maximizes individual rights and the state has its power minimized.  Blackburn (1996: 218).
[13] Blackburn (1996: 218).  

BLACKBURN, SIMON (1996) Oxford Dictionary of Philosophy, Oxford, Oxford University Press. 

GEISLER, NORMAN L. (1975) Philosophy of Religion, Grand Rapids, Zondervan Publishing House. 

GEISLER, NORMAN L. (1978) The Roots of Evil, Grand Rapids, Zondervan Publishing House. 

GEISLER, NORMAN L. (1986) Predestination and Free Will, Downers Grove, Illinois, InterVarsity Press.

GEISLER, NORMAN L. (1996) ‘Freedom, Free Will, and Determinism’, in Walter A. Elwell (ed.), Evangelical Dictionary of Theology, Grand Rapids, Baker Books.

GEISLER, NORMAN, L (1999) ‘The Problem of Evil’, in Baker Encyclopedia of Apologetics, Grand Rapids, Baker Books.

MAWSON, TIM (1999) ‘The Problem of Evil and Moral Indifference’, in Religious Studies, Volume 35, pp. 323-345. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.

31 comments:

Anonymous said...

He Got About 199 Rejection Letters And 1 'Maybe' But Still Managed To Invent Something Amazing

Russell Norman Murray said...

A new career?

Anonymous said...

A priest, a Pentecostal preacher and a Rabbi all served as chaplains to the students of the University of Alabama in Tuscaloosa . They would get together two or three times a week for coffee and to talk shop. One day, someone made the comment that preaching to people isn't really all that hard. A real challenge would be to preach to a bear. One thing led to another and they decided to do an experiment. They would all go up to the Smokies, find a bear, preach to it, and attempt to convert it.

Seven days later, they're all together to discuss the experience. Father Flannery, who has his arm in a sling, is on crutches, and has various bandages on his body and limbs, went first. 'Well,' he said, 'I went into the woods to find me a bear. And when I found him I began to read to him from the Catechism. Well, that bear wanted nothing to do with me and began to slap me around. So, I quickly grabbed my holy water, sprinkled him and, Holy Mary Mother of God, he became as gentle a lamb. The bishop is coming out next week to give him first communion and confirmation.'

Reverend Billy Bob spoke next. He was in a wheelchair, with an arm and both legs in casts, and an IV drip. In his best fire and brimstone oratory he claimed, 'WELL brothers, you KNOW that WE don't sprinkle! I went out and I FOUND me a bear. And then I began to read to my bear from God's HOLY WORD! But that bear wanted nothing to do with me. So I took HOLD of him and we began to wr estle. We wrestled down one hill, UP another and DOWN another until we came to a creek. So right quick-like, I DUNKED him and BAPTIZED his hairy soul. And just like you said, he became as gentle as a lamb. We spent the rest of the day praising Jesus.'

They both looked down at the rabbi, who was lying in a hospital bed. He was in a body cast and traction with IV's and monitors running in and out of him. He was in bad shape. The rabbi looks up and says,

"Looking back on it, circumcision may not have been the best way to start"

Anonymous said...


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Russell Norman Murray said...

Chrome seems to work better for me with my laptop as well.

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Cheers

Anonymous said...

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Actual call centre conversations!



Customer: 'I've been calling 0700-1000 for two days and can't get through;

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----------------------------------------------------------------------

Samsung Electronics
Caller: 'Can you give me the telephone number for Jack?'

Operator: 'I'm sorry, sir, I don't understand who you are talking about.'
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----------------------------------------------------------------------

Anonymous said...

RAC Motoring Services
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Caller (enquiring about legal requirements while travelling in Europe )
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Directory Enquiries
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Then there was the caller who asked for a knitwear company in Woven.
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Anonymous said...

On another occasion, a man making heavy breathing sounds from a phone box told a worried operator: 'I haven't got a pen, so I'm steaming up the window to write the number on.'

----------------------------------------------------------------------

Tech Support: 'I need you to right-click on the Open Desktop.'
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This has to be one of the funniest things in a long time. I think this guy should have been promoted, not fired. This is a true story from the WordPerfect Helpline, which was transcribed from a recording monitoring the customer care department..............

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Anonymous said...

Operator: 'What sort of trouble?'
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Caller: 'I don't know.'
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Opera tor: 'Great. Follow the cord to the plug, and tell me if it's
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Caller: 'Yes, it is.'
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there were two cables plugged into the back of it, not just one? '
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Operator: 'Well, there are. I need you to look back there again and

find the other cable.'
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Caller: 'I can't reach.'
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Caller: 'No...'
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Caller: 'Well, it's not because I don't have the right angle -- it's because it's dark.'

Operator: 'Dark?'
Caller: 'Yes - the office light is off, and the only light I have is

coming in from the window.'
Operator: 'Well, turn on the office light then.'

Caller: 'I can't..'
Operator: 'No? Why not?'

Caller: 'Because there's a power failure.'
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licked now. Do you still have the boxes and manuals and
packing stuff that your computer came in?'

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the store you bought it from.'

Caller: 'Really? Is it that bad?'
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Operator: 'Tell them you're too damned stupid to own a computer!'

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Anonymous said...

Mahatma Gandhi – Brilliant


> When Gandhi was studying law at the University College of London, a white professor, whose last name was Peters, disliked him intensely and always displayed prejudice and animosity towards him. Also, because Gandhi never lowered his head when addressing him, as he expected.... there were always "arguments" and confrontations.

> One day, Mr. Peters was having lunch at the dining room of the University, and Gandhi came along with his tray and sat next to the professor. The professor said, "Mr Gandhi, you do not understand. A pig and a bird do not sit together to eat." Gandhi looked at him as a parent would a rude child and calmly replied, "You do not worry professor. I'll fly away," and he went and sat at another table.


> Mr. Peters, reddened with rage, decided to take revenge on the next test paper, but Gandhi responded brilliantly to all questions. Mr. Peters, unhappy and frustrated, asked him the following question. "Mr Gandhi, if you were walking down the street and found a package, and within was a bag of wisdom and another bag with a lot of money, which one would you take?"

> Without hesitating, Gandhi responded,"The one with the money, of course."

> Mr. Peters , smiling sarcastically said, "I, in your place, would have taken the wisdom, don't you think?"


> Gandhi shrugged indifferently and responded,"Each one takes what he doesn't have."


> Mr. Peters, by this time was fit to be tied. So great was his anger that he wrote on Gandhi's exam sheet the word "idiot" and gave it to Gandhi. Gandhi took the exam sheet and sat down at his desk trying very hard to remain calm while he contemplated his next move.

> A few minutes later, Gandhi got up, went to the professor and said to him in a dignified but sarcastically polite tone, "Mr. Peters, you signed the sheet, but you did not give me the grade."

Anonymous said...

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Best regards,
Florin

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Squirrly Academy?

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Russell Norman Murray said...

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